The rash that occurs in most infants may be caused by either of the following: Excessive moisture on skin; heat; bacteria; allergic reaction to medications, food, or substances; irritation from sun exposure and dust; and nutritional deficiencies. This condition is also known as dermatitis. It appears mostly on the scalp, face, neck, chest, back, inner thighs, and legs.
What are the different causes of baby rashes?
The rashes that are found in paediatric cases have similar characteristics with the adult form rashes. It only differs in certain causes. Rashes can be detected by certainly looking at it. Redness, swelling, blisters, and vesicles can be seen. The scratching of the skin results from itchiness.
The most common type of rashes in infants is the baby diaper rash, also known as irritant diaper dermatitis or napkin dermatitis. It affects the baby’s inguinal folds, buttocks and inner thighs are its main characteristics. The diaper is the culprit for this type of skin rash. There are babies with allergies to the materials that make up the diaper. Hypoallergenic diapers are available but will cost higher than the regular one. The most common cause of this rash is usually parental negligence. Poor hygiene involves delay in changing of the diaper. Moisture from urine and faces on the diaper that is currently worn by the diaper becomes the breeding site for bacteria and fungi. As a result, redness, swelling, and itchiness are the common signs and symptoms of this condition.
Babies have sensitive skin compared to other older children. The fabric used on the baby’s clothing may also cause rashes. Some clothing is made up of harsh type of fabrics like the non cotton made. Bacteria and dusts found on baby’s clothes from improper storage and cleaning can aggravate the condition. Some insects and parasites that adhere to the clothes also cause skin rashes.
Another cause is the allergic reactions. Such allergies may occur on the skin. Drugs, foods, and other substances are the main causes of allergy, especially for infants at the age of more than four months. Foods that contain high amounts of histamine triggering substances will trigger the body to produce a chemical reaction to foreign substances. The most common form of the reaction is the skin rash, also known as skin asthma. Rashes on the baby’s face, chest, arms, and legs also may appear. Skin redness and swelling are seen on the baby’s skin.
Infection is another cause of dermatitis. Such infections include bacterial, viral, fungal, and yeast infections are found mostly on the skin folds. The neck, gluteal folds, and buttocks are commonly infected, because they are hidden and are the moist sites of the body. Exposure to the dirty environment also causes the problem. Other skin rashes are effects of another underlying infections from food and mouth disease and staphylococcal infections. Dengue fever causes petechiae or reddish brown spots on skin usually are misinterpreted as skin rashes.
Parasitic infections like scabies, lice infestations, and ticks infections are common in areas with poor hygiene. Such infections are also common on far rural communities where health services and education are not accessible. Scabies is caused by a small parasite that lives under the first layer of the skin. It spreads through direct contact often among siblings. A lice infestation is another disease caused by a parasite that is small but visible to the eyes. It affects the scalp hair of a human being. The lice lives and reproduce on the human hair. Itchiness is the main symptom. Itchiness is a result after the louse bites the skin and sucks blood. The rashes on the scalp that look like scales and sometimes bleed came from excessive scratching of the head. Ticks coming from animals can transfer to humans through direct contact. After the tick bites the skin, a red spot is left and seen on the bitten portion of the skin. Mosquito bites can also cause itchy rashes.
Irritation from the use of baby powder and some cleaning products are neglected by many parents. There is a certain practice that baby powder must be applied on the baby’ skin before applying diaper change. The baby powder will only promote more moisture especially during the warm climate. Harsh cleaning substances might cause dryness and irritation to the skin of an infant. It is always important to consult a doctor before using one.
Toddlers can also get skin rashes. A toddler rash is also caused by allergies, infections, and irritations.
Important things to consider in caring for the baby’s skin:
All babies have sensitive skin. They are very sensitive compared to other older children. The skin is the body’s main protection from the outer environment. In the case of babies, their skin must be protected from harm at all cost. Baby rash Pictures found in the internet and books can prove negligence in the part of the parents.
In cleaning the baby’s skin, it is important to choose hypoallergenic and mild cleaning substances. It must not contain alcohol to avoid drying up and skin irritation. Regular soaps can cause allergic reactions.
The foods given to babies come in variety. But it cannot be avoided that some babies have severe reaction to some food types and drugs. It is important to consult the doctor to prevent further complications.
The clothing used for babies must be at least made of cotton. It should be washed with antibacterial detergents and must be sun dried in order to kill pathogens that adhere to it. Fresh and clean clothes must be stored in a closed cabinet away from dusts and insects.
Diapers must be changed at once right after it is being soiled. The baby’s butt must be cleaned with mild soap and water as much as possible first before changing the diaper.
Skin care includes: Right food, right drug, right environment, right skin care products, right clothing, and right application of the above procedures mentioned.